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What Is The GCC? And What Countries Are In It?

What is the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC)

The Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) is a group of countries in the Middle East that shares its membership with the Arab League. The GCC was formed in 1981 to safeguard the region’s economic interests and promote regional peace and stability. 

List of GCC Countries

There are six countries in the GCC: 

  1. Saudi Arabia
  2. Kuwait
  3. United Arab Emirates
  4. Qatar
  5. Bahrain
  6. Oman

A Brief History of the GCC

The GCC was formed in 1981 in the wake of the Iranian Revolution and the outbreak of the Iran-Iraq War. The primary goal of the GCC was to promote regional stability and cooperation. Since its inception, the GCC has been successful in achieving its objectives. The member states have worked together to resolve disputes, promote economic growth, and improve regional security.

The GCC has played an important role in the Arab world. It has served as a mediator in conflicts between member states and other Arab countries. The GCC has also been active in promoting peace and stability in the Middle East.

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Population and Economy

The GCC has a collective population of around 60 million people and a nominal GDP of $2.2 trillion. The GCC countries are some of the most wealthy in the world, with Qatar and Kuwait having the highest GDP per capita.

The GCC countries are also major oil and gas producers. Together, they produce around 20% of the world’s oil and gas, making them very important to the global economy.


The GCC is a regional political and economic union consisting of Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and the United Arab Emirates. The GCC has served as a platform for these countries to cooperate on matters of mutual interest and concern, such as security and trade. The GCC has also helped to foster economic growth in the region by promoting joint ventures and encouraging foreign investment.

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